Confederate Widow’s Pension Application of Mary L. (Roberts) Anderson (1815-1906), Georgia

Mary L. (Roberts) Anderson was the mother of my ancestor, Jesse P. Fernando Anderson. Jesse married Mary Ann Queen, daughter of Henson and Nancy York Queen in Clay County, North Carolina.  Mary, her husband John, their children and their spouses moved to Bartow County, Georgia, in 1889. Mary and John spent the remainder of their lives there and are buried in Cass Cemetery, Cassville (near Cartersville).

On March 18, 1901, in Bartow County, Georgia, Mrs. M. L. Anderson applied for a widow’s pension on the service of her husband in the War of Southern Independence (1861-1865). Filed under the Act of General Assembly [of Georgia] for Pension allowed to Indigent Widows of Confederate Soldiers, passed in 1900. A copy of this pension can be seen at the Georgia Archives Virtual Vault website: http://cdm.sos.state.ga.us:8888/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/pension&CISOPTR=51246&REC=2

Information contained in the application includes the following.

01)  Residence:   Cassville, Bartow County, Georgia;

02)  How long in this state: since January 1889;

03)  Birth place and date: March 1st 1815 in North Carolina;

04)  Full name of  husband, date and place of birth, date and place of marriage: John Anderson, March 1st 1816, N.C.; married 1st September 1836, Cherokee County, Georgia. [She may have meant Cherokee County, North Carolina, which was formed in 1839, from Macon County. Many county boundary changes occurred and the actual county of marriage is yet to be determined. There is no record of the marriage in the Cherokee County, Georgia, online database < http://www.cherokeega.com/applications/MarriageDatabase/marriage_search.cfm >. This database includes all marriages recorded in the county since its formation, according to the office of the Probate Court Clerk.]

05)  Enlistment date and place of husband: June 1861, Macon County, N.C. [Company K] 1st Cavalry Regiment North Carolina Volunteers;

06)  Length of service: eleven months, discharged May 10, 1862;

07)    Date and place of death of husband: August 22nd 1897 [1898 and 1899 also given in application; grave stone shows 1899], Bartow County, Ga.

08)  Grounds for pension: old age and poverty;

09) Length of time in this condition: many years, now 86 years old;

10)  Property owned and income: none;

11)  Support since death of husband: by children; and,

12)  Previous pensions: none.

Mary Anderson’s pension was granted and she filed her application annually as required by law: 1901-1902 in Bartow County and 1903-1906 in Gordon County, Georgia. She died 08 May 1906.

Soldier’s Discharge

“Know Ye, that John Anderson, Private of Captain T P Siler’s Company, Ninth (1st) Cavalry Regiment of N. C. Volunteers, who was enlisted the twenty fifth day of June one thousand eight hundred and sixty one, to serve for the War is hereby [illegible word] discharged from the Army of the Confederate States.

Said John Anderson was born in Bumcombe County in the State of North Carolina, is forty seven years of age, six feet one inches high, light complexion, grey eyes, light hair, and by occupation when enlisted, a Farmer.

Given at Camp Mars N.C. this Tenth day of May 1862.

[signed] J. B. Gordon”

John Anderson Discharge Certificate

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